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Mustard

Mustard is an annual plant belonging to the family of cruciferous. In culture, there are 3 kinds of mustard: white mustard, mustard mustard and black mustard. There is also a field mustard. Of the listed species, the first two species were most widely distributed. Mustard is of great economic importance, as in the seeds of mustard sisoy contains 34-47% (iodine number 92-119), and in the seeds of mustard white 25-39% oil (iodine number 92-122), in which there is a constant need for various branches of industry (canning, bakery and confectionery, margarine, pharmaceutical, textile, soap and so on). Mustard oil has high taste qualities. In addition to the fatty oil, the seeds of gray and white mustard contain essential oil (0.5-1.7% and 0.1-1.1%, respectively), which is used in the perfume industry